Diabetes Treatment Goals: What Should My Blood Sugar Be?

by Cindy

Do you know your diabetic treatment goals?

If you aren’t sure what your blood sugar should be it is time that you talked to your doctor.  Patients who understand acceptable ranges for glucose readings and who know their target HbA1c levels tend to be more involved with their own care and have better management.  The primary objective of diabetes treatment is to prevent complications from diabetes by keeping blood sugar in good control.  But what exactly is good control?
The American Diabetes Association has defined specific target glucose and hemoglobin A1C values for patients with diabetes.

  • Fasting Blood Sugar Levels:  The goal of treatment for diabetes is for fasting blood sugars to fall below 100 mg/dl.
  • Blood Sugar Before Meals:  Most patients should aim for glucose levels to be between 70 mg/dl to 130 mg/dl before meals.
  • Blood Sugar After Meals: Your blood sugar after meals should remain below 180 mg/dl.
  • Hemoglobin A1C:  The goal of treatment is to keep the hemoglobin A1C below 7%.

**Be sure to ask your doctor about your individual treatment goals.**

Print out the chart below and keep it with your glucometer!

My Fasting Glucose Should Be:

______________ mg/dl


My Blood Sugar Before Meals Should Be:

______________ mg/dl


My Blood Sugar After Meals Should Be:

______________ mg/dl


My Hemoglobin A1C Should Be:


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